Wednesday, June 5, 2019

Spotify The Way Forward Information Technology Essay

Spotify The Way Forward Information Technology EssayPeer-to-peer file swapping websites atomic number 18 becoming increasingly popular across the world as the next generation of the music sharing industry is developed. Peer-to-peer networking allows users to connect with apiece early(a) to wait for and share information. This information is decentralized, it does not require a central database server to search for locations of music files, it requires the use of peer-to-peer client software. The client software needs to be installed on users local machines (nodes), which then gather information on media files available for sharing and stores the information into a catalogue. When the user searches for media files the client software connects to other nodes across the networks (called hops) which search their catalogues, and this process continues. If a positive result occurs the client software connects directly with the peer that has the file and the media will be transferred. Users of the network heap be both a supplier (information provider) and a consumer (information requester), the user house connect with multiple users all with the required resource, as the files transfer they can also be forwarded onto further users requesting the same files, saving time.Advantages of peer-to-peer include the ease of setting up, the speed of transfer of information, large numbers of peers can be contacted quickly, the network is not defenceless to failure as there is such a wide spread of data not reliant on one centralized source. However disadvantages can include the potential for bugs and viruss during installation of client software, data is less pay off, the provider may not be reliable and you may be breaching copyright and licensing laws. Peer-to-peer can be inefficient as its unknown which peers have the required information, a large number of hops can occur in a gip space of time, potentially clogging the networks, but they will not be indefinite as a time to live countdown is in place which decreases with each hop until reaching zero at which point the search will end.A new internet music website is taking the industry by impel called Spotify, the site differs to normal peer-to-peer sites, you cant buy (or transfer) free music, but you can create a playlist or collection of your favourite songs to listen to meet as you would on a radio station. Also there is an option to create or join collaborative playlists that are independent from the site and divided via websites, these can be added to by individual users. The tracks come with some advertisements between songs. A daily advert free listening package is an option for a small fee, or by subscribing monthly it can be entirely free of advertisements.Because there is no downloading of files Spotify is fast to use. It has a vast collection of songs, artists and albums. This is makes it genuinely popular, however it has recently been forced to remove thousands of songs by the interpret labels who maintain control of what can be played where. Spotify argue that because tracks are only cosmosness listened to this could reduce the desire to illegally download and limit piracy.Spotify has recently released an Application Programing Interface (API) which it hopes will spread through other media devices such as gaming consoles, mobile phones and other media devices.An API is a way for website or service to talk to another website or service. APIs let you mix information and media from other services into your own site or application. (Wibbels 2009)The API is a set of predefined programming behaviour that Spotify have developed, which they can release to programmers to enable them to develop their own products to take Spotify. This enables the company to reach out to many new users with a broad range of devices, for example an Apple iphone user may discover an application for Spotify to download to his device, having not previously heard of the service.In recent months a mobile device HTC gun has become available with Spotify included. The Spotify subscription is paid in with the device contract, in effect seeming that the mobile device is giving free access to songs.With around 40,000 new users a day signing up to Spotify, there is no doubting its popularity, however does this imply that if free music is available then users will not need to make a music purchase again? on that point are mixed reviews, some alleged music pirates say they dont need to download illegally now, Spotify meets all their needs, other users are saying they will neer buy music again.On the other hand some people are using Spotify to listen to music before going to purchase, on a try before you buy basis. It seems that Spotify is proving very useful for a wide spread of users.I think the release of the API will, as in the case of the HTC Hero device, spread the word of Spotify even further, however because of the ongoing problems with the music industry a nd copyright and licensing issues potential manufacturers of new devices need to move with caution, if licensing laws were favourable to the music industry and caused the demise of Spotify, with no API a lot of devices could potentially be useless.To conclude, I think that Spotify could be very successful in the future, the main barrier being its lack of support from the music industry. If more support, trust and guidance was provided by record and marketing companies then perhaps we would see developments of a more secure data transfer system, removing the chances of bugs and viruss for the users. The programing and network system on which it is based could prove to be the future of all online music sharing. I believe that this prelude to the industry is a way forward, however I believe the software developers have a responsibility to behave ethically and responsibly so not to infringe the rights of all involved in the music industry.989 wordsBibliographySpotify Ltd (2007 2010) A bout SpotifyAvailable from http// Accessed 7th May 2010Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia (9th May 2010) Peer-to-PeerAvailable from http// Accessed twelfth May 2010Kayne (2010) What is P2P?Available from http// Accessed 12th May 2010uCertify (2008) What are the advantages and disadvantages of a peer-to-peer network?Available from http// Accessed 17th May 2010Johnson B and Arthur C (2009) Spotify opens doors to UK as record industry slams them shut.Available from http// Accessed 23rd May 2010Johnson (2009) Spotify plots launch of new API.Available from http// Accessed 23rd May 2010

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